IRS Allows Extension to Elect Portability for Decedent’s Estate Because Estate Acted Reasonably and In Good Faith, and Granting Extension to Elect Portability Would Not Prejudice the Government’s Interests
In PLR 2019420006, the IRS granted an extension of time to a decedent’s estate to elect portability because (i) the decedent’s estate established it acted reasonably and in good faith, (ii) the requirements of Sections 301.9100-1 and 301.9100-3 were satisfied, and (iii) the granting of an extension by the Commissioner would not prejudice the interests of the government.
The circumstances under which the taxpayer requested a Private Letter Ruling from the IRS are as follows: A U.S. decedent died and was survived by a spouse. Based on the value of the decedent’s gross estate and taxable gifts made, the decedent’s estate was not required to file an estate tax return and did not file an estate tax return by the deadline of nine months after the decedent’s date-of-death. Once the decedent’s estate discovered that, in failing to file an estate tax return and elect portability, the decedent’s spouse’s estate would not be entitled to the unused portion of the decedent’s exclusion amount, the decedent’s estate filed a request for extension of time under Section 301.9100-3 to make a portability election. Section 301.9100-3 allows the Internal Revenue Commissioner to grant discretionary extensions of time to make an election in the case of tax filing due dates that are prescribed by regulation rather than by statute.
Section 2010(c)(5)(A) provides that an election is required for a surviving spouse to use a deceased spouse’s unused exclusion amount, and no election may be made if an estate tax return is filed after the filing deadline (including extensions). However, in this case no return was statutorily required to be filed. Section 301.9100-1gives the IRS the discretion to grant a taxpayer a reasonable extension of time to make any election in situations where the due date is prescribed by regulation, under all subtitles of the Code except E, G, H, and I. Because requests for extension to elect portability are not granted automatically under Section 301.9100-2, the IRS looks to Section 301.9100-3 for the factors to be considered in granting a discretionary extension to make a portability election, as follows: (i) reasonable action and good faith; and (ii) prejudice to the interests of the government. The IRS ultimately concluded in this PLR that the decedent’s estate had provided evidence to establish that it acted reasonably and in good faith and that allowing the extension of time to elect portability would not prejudice the interest of the government. The IRS granted an extension of time of 120 days for the decedent’s estate to make the portability election, and upon the filing of a compete Form 706 electing portability, the surviving spouse would be entitled to the decedent’s unused exclusion amount.