To provide relief to taxpayers impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, the IRS and the Massachusetts Department of Revenue have issued guidance in recent weeks extending the deadlines for filing and paying certain taxes.
Pursuant to IRS Notice 2020-18, Notice 2020-20, and Notice 2020-23, the filing deadlines for all federal income tax returns, gift tax returns and estate tax returns that would have been due between April 1 and July 15 have been automatically extended to July 15. Additionally, any income tax payments and gift, estate and GST tax payments, including estimated quarterly payments, that were due between April 1 and July 15 are now due on July 15, and such payments made by the July 15 deadline will not incur interest or penalties. There is no limit on the amount of tax payments that may be deferred.
It is important to note that while these extensions apply to all taxpayers, including trusts and estates, they do not apply to tax returns and tax payments originally due prior to April 1. For example, a trust that failed to file Form 1041 by March 15 is not saved by this guidance, and any taxes due with said Form 1041 would remain subject to penalties and interest.
Notably, IRS Notice 2020-23 clarifies that the extension to file tax returns also extends the deadline to file certain information returns, such as Form 3520, that are filed as attachments to such tax returns. This key point was previously unclear, creating substantial uncertainty among tax professionals.
In addition to the federal extensions, the Massachusetts Department of Revenue also extended various Massachusetts filing and payment deadlines. Per Technical Information Release (TIR) 20-4, state filings and payments for personal income tax, estate and trust income tax, and income tax due with a partnership composite return with an April 15, 2020 due date have been automatically extended to July 15. Similarly, installments for estimated income tax payments that would otherwise be due on April 15 and June 15 are now due on July 15. The filing and payment deadlines for Massachusetts estate tax returns have not been extended.
Though TIR 20-4 does not extend corporate excise tax filings and payments, it does waive late-file and late-pay penalties (but not interest) for corporate excise returns and payments with original due dates of April 15 that are filed and paid by July 15.